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Driving & Safety

Driving Tips:

A combination of Knowledge, Skill and Attitude is required to be a safe driver. 
            Knowledge of traffic rules and driving practices that help traffic move safely.
            Skill to carefully maneuver the vehicle through the traffic avoiding accidents. 
            Attitude to co-operate with other drivers to keep traffic moving safely.

Here are a few general tips to safe driving: 

           • Do not allow any distractions like speaking on the phone, talking to fellow passengers and listening to music while driving.
           • Drive in your respective lane.
           • Never Drink and Drive. 
           • Avoid Road Rage.
           • Drive at controlled speed. So that you are in position to stop well within visible safe distance. 
           • Always maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you.
           • Adjust inner and outer rear view mirrors for complete view of rear traffic. 
           • Flash the turn signal indicator at least 30 meters before taking the turn.
           • Overtake only when absolutely sure about safety
           • Always wear seat belt for your safety to avoid serious injury in case of accident.
           • Keep vehicle in good condition. 
           • Respect and follow directions of Traffic Police or Road Signs or Traffic signals.

NIGHT DRIVING:

Night driving is three times more prone to accidents than daylight driving. At night it is more difficult to judge speeds and distances as the visibility is poor. The glare of oncoming traffic can also blind you, making you lose concentration.

Here are some tips to guide you through night driving without encountering any hazard:  

           • Check that your headlights are properly adjusted and aligned for high and low beam. 
           • Keep you windshield and windows clean.
           • Being seen is as important as seeing, so switch on your headlamps even if you don’t need them. They will help other drivers see your vehicle clearly.
           • Turn on headlights around 30 minutes before sunset and keep them on until 30 minutes after sunrise.
           • Increase your ‘trailing’ distance when following a vehicle since it is difficult to judge a vehicle’ s speed and distance at night.
           • Dip your headlights to avoid dazzling the driver of an oncoming vehicle.
           • If the oncoming traffic does not lower its beam then to avoid the glare, watch the left edge of the road and use it as a steering guide.
           • When parking your car in poorly lit places, always leave the parking lights on.

Driving in Hilly terrain:

Your driving skills are surely tested while driving on hills. Here are a few tips for safe driving in hilly regions: 

           • Check your brakes before you start the journey.
           • Engage the correct gear before climbing up or descending a steep road.
           • Complete the gradient section without changing the gear.
           • Never turn off the engine or put the gear in neutral position while going downhill as it is very difficult to control a vehicle. 
           • Make way for bigger vehicle like trucks or buses
           • Never attempt to overtake near bends or at the crest of the hill, as you cannot see the oncoming traffic.
           • Sound the horn and use the dipper lamp at blind corners and sharp turnings. 
           • When driving down hill, try not to apply brakes, but use the lower gear. Overuse of footbrake may result in total brake failure.
           • Allow the driver going up hill the right to proceed first.
           • While parking your car on an uphill gradient, use the parking brake and shift the lever into the first gear position. On a downhill gradient shift the lever to the reverse position.

Driving on wet roads:

Heavy rains are the cause of thousands of accidents yearly. Although these are preventable, these are caused by intrepid drivers who don't realize that fair and foul-weather driving are essentially different. Here are some safety tips for driving in the rain.
 
           • Driving on wet roads require extra caution.
           • Make sure your tyres, brakes & wipers are in good condition.
           • Turn on the car headlights even in the light rain or in gloomy or foggy or overcast conditions. If your car has daytime running lights you still should put them on. This will help the vehicles behind you to see the car better. 
           • Therefore make sure to change the wiper blades if its old and worn out.
           • While driving on a rainy day, the brakes get wet and have reduced braking ability. Pump the brakes frequently to dry the brake drum and the shoe, this will restore the braking ability.
           • The spray created by the large tires of trucks and buses can reduce your vision. Therefore ensure not to follow them. Maintain a definite distance or overtake them quickly and safely.
           • While driving through water logged areas, it is best to drive in lower gears controlling the speed with the clutch. When water enters the exhaust pipe the cars engine can stop. Keeping the accelerator pressed can prevent water from entering the exhaust. Do not change gears while driving in water logged area. Do not drive along the side of the road as you can get stuck in an open or damaged manhole, which may be submerged and not visible.
           • Drive slowly and carefully to prevent skids. Steer and brake with a light touch When you need to stop or slow, do not brake hard or lock the wheels and risk a skid. Maintain mild pressure on the brake pedal. If you find yourself in a skid, remain calm, ease your foot off the gas, and carefully steer in the direction you want the front of the car to go.
           • Never attempt to drive through the moving water, if you are unable to see the ground through it. This may sweep the car off the road.
           • Deep water causes serious damage to the modern car's electrical system. So, while driving through a puddle of uncertain depth, go slow. If it's deeper than the bottom of the car doors, turn around and find another route. After driving through a puddle, ensure to tap your brake pedal to help dry your brake rotors.
           • Aquaplaning is another phenomenon that is likely to occur in rainy weather. It occurs when the water under your tires fails to drain through the tires’ grooves causing the car to slide on a thin layer of water between the tires and the road surface. In such a scenario the car will not steer, brake or accelerate and is completely out of contact with the road. To avoid this, keep your tires properly inflated, maintain enough tread depth on your tires and replace them when necessary.

Safety Tips:

           • If there is a sudden failure of pedal brake, pump the brake pedal fast and strong many times to build pressure
           • If there is an engine brake shift to a low gear. Use the handbrake if the vehicle does not come under control. 
           • Activate the hazard lights and stop in a safe place. 
           • In case of a puncture hold on to the steering wheel firmly. Steer the vehicle towards the corner of the road.
           • In case of sudden loss of acceleration due to accelerator wire breakage, do not brake suddenly. Steer the vehicle off the road.
           • If you sense fire, switch off the ignition and draw the vehicle towards the side of the road. Switch on the hazard lights. Try to put out the fire by throwing sand onto it. If the fire grows, stay away from it – it could lead to an explosion. Find help as quickly as possible and warn others.
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